10 most dreaded global health issues

The most important aspect of life is 'having a good health condition.' Even as we keep trying to be in good state, in one way or the other, an issue may set in, which becomes a major course for concern. The world over, there are many health concerns; however, these are the ten most common ones.

Heart disease
All over the world, there is a high fatality rate emanating from heart diseases like heart failure, myocardial infarction, and angina. Some reports have revealed recently that heart attack is the number one killer in the United Stated, but the fact is that it is not only in the US. Compared to cancer, heart diseases have killed more people than all forms of cancer combined. In essence, this is not a one-country thing; it is a global concern. 

READ ALSO [Heart attack: Who is at risk? ]

Many researchers are saying that environmental decline and increased exposure to radiations and chemicals have over time contributed to the actual causes of many forms of cancer. It is no doubt that these advancements in modern outlooks and facilities are gradually becoming highly hazardous to humanity. 

The impairment of the body's ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is a disease known as diabetes. It is associated with abnormally high blood glucose levels. There are various types and levels of diabetes, which we will discuss in details in another article.

Kidney disease
Usually, the kidneys filter excess fluid and waste from the blood. Kidney disease is assessed by measurement of GFR, which checks the ability of the kidney to carry out this filtration. Thus, once the kidney is unable to perform this function, wastes build up.

Once there is an interruption of the supply of blood to the brain, which leads to the death of brain cells, stroke certainly sets in. In subsequent articles, we will discuss the causes, risk factors, symptoms, and prevention. One of two types of stroke is a brain aneurysm burst or a weakened blood vessel leak (hemorrhagic).

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and utterly interferes with the ability of the body to fight against all kinds of infections. There are tens of millions of people living with this disease with many not knowing that they already have it.

Mental health
this is an individual's condition relating to his or her psychological, emotional, and social well-being. Mental health affects the way we think, feel and act concerning how stress is managed, choices made and communication with other people. The normalcy of this is the absence of mental illness. 

This is a viral infection that can be very deadly. Viruses which infect the nose, the throat and the lungs cause a highly contagious respiratory illness known as influenza (flu). This happens especially in high-risk groups such as little children, pregnant women, older adults and people with fragile immune systems.

Overweight and obesity
Is when a person's weight is usually higher than what is regarded to be a healthy weight for a given height (as defined by CDC 2016). This is usually screened through Body Mass Index (BMI). The screening involves the weight in kilogram and the height in meters where the height divides the weight. Researchers reveal that a person who is overweight or obese has increased chances of dying from health issues like coronary heart disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia and endometrial, stroke, etc. (University of Rochester Medical Center).
Tobacco dependence disease
Smokers alike, over the years, have underestimated the saying that smokers are liable to die young. Reports have shown that tobacco is the single most preventable cause of illness and premature deaths in the world.
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